Heart Attack 101: Warning Signs, Causes and Prevention


Do you know the risk of Heart Attack and care on How to Prevent Heart Attacks?

In this article, I have discussed Heart Attack in detail. First, we will understand that what is the Heart Attack, then we will know the symptoms and signs of Heart Attack, important steps to prevent Attacks and in the end, I have shared some superfoods which can help you to prevent the heart attacks.

Let us see the details of the High Risk of Heart Attack and the important Role of super Foods in preventing it.

Ok, it is fine enough to explore such an important topic to save the lives of young ones and matures among the older ones.

We think, what it is? Heart Attack means that the Death Point, from which someone may survive or not.

Heart Attack is an extreme emergency,  which is an extremely serious and most dangerous condition of any individual, in which someone faces the pre-death episode, from which he or she may survive or not if survives then starts a new life or otherwise ends some one’s chapter of life.

It is quite sad to discuss such a serious topic, but it is necessary and so important for awareness and knowledge purposes. Perhaps with this awareness exercise life of any individual can be saved. If it is then it is great for me to serve the humans.

Let’s Understand what actually Heart Attack is

According to google search, the Heart Attack means “A sudden occurrence of coronary thrombosis, typically resulting in the death of part of a heart muscle and sometimes fatal”.

According to the American Heart Association, it is also called myocardial infarction.

Heart Attack in simple Terms?

“Myocardial Infarction”

Myocardial infarction (MI), also known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Wikipedia

What defines a heart attack?

Heart attack: Heart muscle becomes dead because of lack of blood supply. It is When complete blockage of a coronary artery is caused because of loss of blood supply. One of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. MedicineNet.com

What are the Silent Warning Signs of Heart Attack?

Anatomy of Heart and connected Arteries

If something went wrong with your Heart, how would you know it?

“If you are not sure, get it checked out,”  says Charles Chambers, MD, director of the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory at Penn State Hershey Heart and Vascular Institute.

It may be true if you are 60 or over, or overweight, or have diabetes, high cholesterol, or high blood pressure, said Vincent Bufalino, MD, an American Heart Association Spokesman, “ the more risk factor you have, ” he says, “ the more you should be concerned about anything that might be heart-related. ( courtesy: American Heart Association)

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Never ignore these 11 Heart Attack Symptoms

  • Chest uneasy, This the commonest sign of heart risk.
  • Nausea, Indigestion, Heartburn, or Stomach pain. during heart attack some of the people these symptoms usually
  • Pain that Spreads to the Arm.
  • You Feel Dizzy or Lightheaded.
  • Throat or Jaw pain.
  • You Get Exhausted Easily.
  • A cough that won’t quit.
  • Your Legs, Feet, and Ankles Are Swollen.
  • Irregular Heart Beat.

Is the Most Common Cause of Heart Attack is Coronary Heart Disease?

A CAD (Coronary Artery Disease) image from ctsurgerypatients

Yes, the most common cause of heart attack is coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease, because when coronary arteries get narrow and reduce the blood flow to the heart. this is an underlying reason for a heart attack. Coronary heart disease affects many people lifelong, which is associated with age.

Coronary arteries supply blood to your heart, are like small pipes that. They get narrow when fatty material gradually builds up inside and clogs them.

The fatty material is called plaque. The process of plaque building up is called atherosclerosis. This can start when you are young and maybe well advanced by middle age.

Coronary heart disease is sometimes referred to as CHD.

The risk factors of CHD, include:

  • Family history or heredity
  • Cigarette smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity

Important steps to take in Case of Having a Heart Attack

In case of a heart attack or if you think you’re having a heart attack, you must try to follow at least the following steps.

The first step to do immediate call emergency numbers. Don’t hang up. Ask for an emergency ambulance and activate the emergency system immediately, because many people lose their lives because they wait too long to get treatment for a heart attack.

The second step is to take an aspirin. Aspirin minimizes blood clot formation and makes platelets less sticky and can prevent further blockage of the artery.

The third step is to rest. The heart has to pump blood to supply oxygen to the muscles when the body does work and clear the waste residue of metabolism.

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How to Possibly Prevent Heart Attack?

The healthy lifestyle is the best way for preventing a heart attack is to have a. Measures for healthy living include the following:

  • Not smoking
  • Eating a balanced, healthful diet
  • Getting plenty of yoga and other light exercises
  • Getting plenty of good quality sleep
  • Keeping diabetes under control
  • Keeping alcohol intake down
  • Maintaining blood cholesterol at normal levels
  • Keeping blood pressure at safe levels
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight
  • Avoiding stress where possible
  • Learning how to manage stress

It may be helpful for people to learn more about the warning signs.

Super Foods to Prevent Heart Attacks

Some of the superfoods which can help you to prevent heart attacks. You must avoid unhealthy foods and eat foods rich in nutrients, fibre, and healthy fats.

We also have discussed 9 Fruits to Eat for Weight Loss.

Salmon and other fatty fishes, such as sardines and mackerel are the superstars of heart-healthy foods.

Oatmeal is a high soluble fibre, which can lower cholesterol.

Blueberries, approximate 32% lowers the risk of heart attacks and decrease blood pressure.

Dark Chocolate could reduce non-fatal heart attacks and strokes in people at high risk.

Citrus Fruits, oranges and grapefruits have lower the risk of ischemic stroke.

Soy may reduce blood pressure and can decrease bad cholesterol.

Legumes may help to control blood sugar in people with diabetes to avoid complications one of which is heart disease.

Extra Virgin Olive Oil, reduces the risk of heart attacks, stroke by 30% as per the studies.

Green tea, 20% reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases and strokes.

Pomegranate improves blood flow to the heart and contains numerous antioxidants.

All of the above prevention steps should be followed with extra medical care and in the supervision of professional doctors.